we learn and the skills we need to make learning effective have been researched
intensively. Learning is not simply being told facts and recalling information;
it is also about developing skills that allow us to apply, analyse, evaluate
and to be creative. The skills listed below are from Bloom's Taxonomy (New
Remembering. To learn we need lots of practise
of recalling and identifying information. Thisdevelops the skills of answering and asking closed questions (yes or no
answers) and developing open questions by using who, what, when, where, why,and how?
Understand. This skill develops the ability to
comprehend, organise and select information.With understanding we are able to ask and answer questions such as; tell
me in your own words what this story is about? What does it mean when...? What
is the main idea?
Apply.Practising remembering and understanding skills develops the ability to
use the facts and principles learnt enabling us to answer what would happen
if....? How would you solve the problem?
Analyse. Developing this skill enables us to
separate facts into separate parts e.g. recognising what is similar or
different, being able to group information and being able to answer “What
kind of person is ...?” questions.
Evaluate. When we evaluate we develop our
opinions and judgements and the ability to discuss.Being able to evaluate leads us to ask
questions such as; which is more important?Which character would you most like to meet? Why?
Create. To be able to create we are using all
the above skills in order to combine ideas to create something new.This could be writing a different ending to a
story; designing a mode of transport; or offering solutions to a problem.
These learning skills take time to develop and
all learners need lots of practise at remembering, understanding and applying
in order to develop the skill to analyse, evaluate and create.The time to reflect on learnings is
essential as is learning in an environment where we can learn from our mistakes.