__Handy ways to do Maths__
I have used “hands”
with students who are just learning their number bonds, 3 and 4 times table as
well as the higher 6x 7x 8x and 9x tables.
The” hands” have been really useful with individual students who are not
very confident mathematicians; providing a prompt that helps them gain
confidence as well as fluency.

You can use these
strategies with just your fingers or making the hands in advance. Remember not to stick the fingers down so
that they can be manipulated easily.
(When I have used just fingers some individual students have found it
useful to use finger puppets or pieces of tack to identify the finger as
holding a finger or fingers down is tricky for them). However I feel that the student gains
valuable practice in developing their fine motor skills by drawing around their
own hands, cutting them out and creating their own prompt. Increasingly, teachers are finding that their
students, even those in years 5 and 6, lack experience in cutting and struggle
with this skill.

__Number Bonds__

__Encourage the student to think about what they need to make 10 if they have 3 and to record their answers. You can give them missing number sums to complete e.g. 3 + = 10. In addition, you can ask them to write down all the ways that they can think of to make 10 using addition and subtraction.__

__Three Times and Four Times Tables__

Using the natural
three sections of their fingers the student can work out sums such as 7 x 3 by
having seven fingers up and three down and counting the sections. Gradually they recognise the 3 6 9 etc are at
the finger tips and become quicker at counting in threes and at the same time
gain a quicker recall and fluency in the three times table. The same approach is used for the four times
table but the palm is used to create a fourth section.

__Nine Times Tables__

This is a method
that is quite well known and again really supports students in learning and
recalling the 9 times table with confidence and fluency.

Then count in
multiples of 10 until you reach the finger that is down. In the example, there are two fingers so we
would count 10, 20.

Once you reach the
“down” finger, count in ones until you reach the last finger. In this example you would count ... 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 27. The final number is your answer. 3 x 9 = 27 and 9 x 3 = 27.

__Multiplying by 6, 7, 8 and 9__

__NB: when making this prompt use split pins so that the hand and fingers can swivel into the correct position.__

As you can see
from the photo, each finger has a number.
With palms facing up, the thumbs are 10, the “pointy” fingers are 9, and
middle fingers are 8, the “ring” fingers are 7 and the little“pinkie" fingers
6.

To find a sum such
as that in the photo 9 x 8 you would put a 9 finger with an eight finger. Now count those fingers and those below in
10s. In the photo you see that this is 7
– 7 x10 = 70.

Look at the
fingers above where the two fingers are touching and multiple the number of
fingers on the left hand with the number of fingers on the right, or vice
versa. In the photo this is 1 x 2 = 2.

Finally add the
multiples of 10 to the multiplication answer to get the answer. 70 + 2 =
72. The answer to 9x8 = 72